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Egypt has one of the largest internet markets in Africa, mostly dominated by the mobile segment. However, there is significant scope for improvement, as overall internet penetration in the country still stands at just over 44% as of May 2018.


  • Unified licenses will intensify the broadband coverage in Egypt. The Egyptian government initially approved the unified telecoms licenses in late 2014, but their launch was delayed considerably because of failed negotiation on licensing terms and ongoing disputes over interconnection charges between operators.
  • The NTRA should issue a framework to regulate interconnection pricing in the country. The Egyptian telecoms market is affected by interconnection pricing issues arising from disputes among operators.
  • The government needs to take further steps to improve national broadband coverage. In 2011, the government announced the "eMisr National Broadband Plan."

Features and Benefits

  • Provides an insight into the relevant regulated markets in the country.
  • Provides a detailed understanding of the regulatory environment in the country.

Key questions answered

  • What services are subject to regulation in the fixed and mobile wholesale markets in the country?
  • What are the current regulation and telecoms policies in the country?

Table of contents


  • In brief
  • Ovum view

Regulatory framework

  • National regulatory authority
  • Key legislation and regulation
  • Current status of market analysis


  • Spectrum policy
  • Wireless licensing

Wholesale fixed regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Voice interconnection
  • Wholesale access
  • Wholesale broadband services

Wholesale mobile regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Mobile termination charges
  • Roaming obligations
  • MVNO access

Other services subject to regulation

  • The retail market
  • The regulation of bundles
  • Quality of service
  • Advertising of broadband speeds
  • Terminating and switching out of contracts
  • VoIP
  • Regulatory position on OTTs
  • Regulatory position on IoT/M2M
  • Numbering policy
  • Data protection regulation

Universal service

  • Universal service provider
  • Universal service fund
  • Universal service obligation for broadband


  • Methodology
  • Author