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Ovum's wholesale broadband access benchmarks consist of historic LLU rates for Europe & Americas, Asia-Pacific, and the Middle East & Africa.


  • Ovum's tried and tested wholesale broadband access benchmarking model provides an easy-to-follow yet authoritative comparison of LLU rates for over 40 countries.

Features and Benefits

  • Covers full and shared LLU rates for over 40 countries.
  • Provides comparisons of full and shared LLU rates in USD (PPP) and real USD and EUR currencies.
  • Covers fiber bitstream, fiber unbundling, VDSL, and VULA rates for several European countries.

Key questions answered

  • How have LLU, bitstream, and fiber access rates changed over the years?
  • How do full and shared LLU rates compare under two broad categories: inclusive of connection fee and exclusive of connection fee?

Table of contents


  • Introduction
  • Download 1: Wholesale Broadband Access Benchmarks: 2Q18
  • Download 2: Methodology