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This case study looks at how Mawingu Networks, a Kenya-based ISP, is utilizing TV white spaces technology to bridge the digital divide in rural Kenya by providing affordable and reliable high-speed broadband services.


  • Demand for broadband services across Africa is at an all-time high; however, lack of connectivity and affordability remain the biggest challenges to increased broadband penetration, especially in the rural and underserved areas.
  • Rural areas are normally characterized by low income levels, sparse populations, and relatively low literacy levels. As such, they offer unique broadband opportunities when compared to the urban and peri-urban developed areas.
  • Mawingu Networks, a leading Kenya-based ISP has provided broadband services via TVWS technology on a trial license since 2013. The service is currently accessible via more than 1,000 Wi-Fi hotspots across five counties across Kenya, including Embu, Isiolo, Laikipia, Meru, and Nyeri.

Features and Benefits

  • This report analyzes the principle behind TVWS as a viable technology to provide affordable and reliable broadband services to rural and underserved areas.
  • The report also analyzes Mawingu Networks' strategies to provide affordable and reliable broadband services to rural areas of Kenya using the TVWS technology.

Key questions answered

  • What is the viability of TVWS technology to provide broadband services in rural and underserved areas in sub-Saharan Africa?
  • What is Mawingu Networks's strategy to provide broadband services in rural Kenya using the TVWS technology?

Table of contents


  • Introduction
  • Download 1: Rural Broadband: Using TVWS to enhance connectivity in underserved rural areas in Kenya