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On June 5, 2018, the European Parliament and the Council finally reached an agreement on updating the telecoms framework in the region. The new European Electronic Communications Code (ECC) will boost investments in very high-capacity networks across the EU.


  • The most notable change to the regulations is the inclusion of over-the-top providers (OTTs) for the first time, as EU regulators attempt to level the playing field with more traditional players. However, for some other measures, such as those encouraging co-investment, it remains unclear how they will work in practice, and they seem to call into doubt the idea that competition motivates investment.

Features and Benefits

  • Evaluates the improvements in spectrum policy.
  • Identifies the challenges of new co-investment regulations.

Key questions answered

  • What improvements in telecoms policy have been achieved with the new Code?
  • Which areas of the Code are attracting the most criticism?

Table of contents

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  • Summary
  • Investing in very high-capacity networks will be necessary to ensure citizens can participate fully in the digital economy
  • The new telecoms rules will regulate OTTs for the first time and see timely, simultaneous spectrum availability across the EU
  • Operators are encouraged to co-invest in broadband networks to share risk, but how this will play out in practice remains unclear


  • Further reading
  • Author