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India is one of the largest and fastest-growing telecoms markets in the world with a large subscriber base. The sector has been witnessing continuous change in its competitive landscape (especially since the entry of a new player "Reliance Jio" in September 2016). The market has been going through a phase of consolidation ever since.


  • The DoT has approved net-neutrality rules in the country. In July 2018, it approved all the recommendations on net neutrality put forward by TRAI in November 2017.
  • The new telecoms policy aims to cater to the modern needs of the digital communications sector. The government approved the National Digital Communications Policy 2018 and redesignated the Telecom Commission as the Digital Communications Commission in September 2018. The policy aims to attract $100bn investment and facilitate connectivity to all uncovered areas by 2022.

Features and Benefits

  • Provides details on the regulated markets in India's telecoms sector, and the dominant players in these markets.
  • Offers a detailed understanding of the regulatory environment in the country.

Key questions answered

  • What remedies are imposed at the retail and wholesale levels for fixed and mobile services in India?
  • What are the current regulation and telecoms policies in India?

Table of contents


  • In brief
  • Ovum view

Regulatory framework

  • National regulatory authority
  • Key legislation and regulation
  • Current status of market analysis


  • Spectrum policy
  • Wireless licensing

Wholesale fixed regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Voice interconnection
  • Wholesale access
  • Wholesale broadband services

Wholesale mobile regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Mobile termination charges
  • Roaming obligations
  • MVNO access

Other services subject to regulation

  • The retail market
  • The regulation of bundles
  • Quality of service
  • Advertising of broadband speeds
  • Terminating and switching out of contracts
  • VoIP
  • Regulatory position on OTTs
  • Regulatory position on IoT/M2M
  • Numbering policy
  • Data protection regulation

Universal service

  • Universal service provider
  • Universal service fund
  • Universal service obligation for broadband


  • Methodology
  • Author