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China's telecoms market still operates under strict government controls and remains dominated by three state-owned operators – China Mobile, China Telecom, and China Unicom. However, over the last three years, the country's telecoms regulator, the MIIT, issued a series of initiatives to open up the telecoms sector to private investment and increase competition in the market.


  • China is gearing up for 5G deployment.
  • China continues to open up the telecoms market to encourage private investment and intensify competition.

Features and Benefits

  • Provides details on the regulated markets in the China telecoms sector.
  • Offers a detailed understanding of the regulatory environment in the country.

Key questions answered

  • What initiatives has the regulator taken to improve competition in the country?
  • What are the current regulation and telecoms policies in the country?

Table of contents


  • In brief
  • Ovum view

Regulatory framework

  • National regulatory authority
  • Key legislation and regulation
  • Current status of market analysis


  • Spectrum policy
  • Wireless licensing

Wholesale fixed regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Voice interconnection
  • Wholesale access
  • Wholesale broadband services

Wholesale mobile regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Mobile market overview
  • Mobile termination charges
  • Roaming obligations

Other services subject to regulation

  • The retail market
  • The regulation of bundles
  • Quality of service
  • Advertising of broadband speeds
  • Terminating and switching out of contracts
  • VoIP
  • Regulatory position on OTTs
  • Regulatory position on IoT/M2M
  • Numbering policy
  • Data protection regulation

Universal service

  • Universal service provider
  • Universal service fund
  • Universal service obligation for broadband


  • Methodology
  • Further reading
  • Author