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Bahrain has one of the highest broadband penetration levels globally – 164% in 2017. This is largely due to the efforts of the national regulatory authority, the TRA, which introduced regulatory reforms that in turn led to a decline in service prices.


  • The TRA should not delay any further in developing a spectrum auction roadmap.
  • The country aims to expand the subscription base of fixed high-speed broadband services.
  • The TRA should consider encouraging mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) entry into the market to increase competition.

Features and Benefits

  • Provides an insight into the relevant regulated markets in Bahrain.
  • Provides a detailed understanding of the regulatory environment in Bahrain.

Key questions answered

  • What services are subject to regulation in the fixed and mobile wholesale markets in the country?
  • What are the current regulation and telecoms policies in the country?

Table of contents


  • In brief
  • Ovum view

Regulatory framework

  • National regulatory authority
  • Key legislation and regulation
  • Current status of market analysis


  • Spectrum policy
  • Wireless licensing

Wholesale fixed regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Voice interconnection
  • Wholesale access
  • Wholesale broadband services

Wholesale mobile regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Mobile termination charges
  • Roaming obligations
  • MVNO access

Other services subject to regulation

  • The retail market
  • The regulation of bundles
  • Quality of service
  • Advertising of broadband speeds
  • Terminating and switching out of contracts
  • VoIP
  • Regulatory position on OTTs
  • Regulatory position on IoT/M2M
  • Numbering policy
  • Data protection regulation

Universal service

  • Universal service provider
  • Universal service fund
  • Universal service obligation for broadband


  • Methodology
  • Author